Par – Courses typically contain 18 holes total. Each hole is assigned a number of strokes expected before completion – three, four, or five – based on the length and difficulty of the hole. This number is referred to as “par.” Shooting more strokes is bad, while shooting under par is desired.
Birdie – This term is used to describe scoring one stroke under the par for a hole. So, scoring a three on a par-four would result in a birdie. Scoring two under par is an eagle and shooting one-over par is a bogey.
Fairway – This term refers to the short grass on the course where players try to hit the ball to set up their next shot as they make their way to the hole. Hitting from this part of a hole is desirable, as opposed to hitting the ball into higher grass (known as rough). Hitting from the fairway is easier than hitting from high grass.
Green – The green is the short, pristine grass on which the hole (or cup) is located. When the ball is finally hit onto the green, players can putt the ball into the cup to finish the hole.